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議論文首尾段常用句式

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  議論文首尾段常用句式 1、 常用與開頭的短語、句式 (1) with the (rapidly) growing popularity of (computers/private cars) in China, the quality of our lives has been considerably changed。 (2) With the (rapid) growth of (our economy/population) ,many problems such as (water shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic management) are beginng to surface (3) With the development of (science and technology/market economy) more and , more/an increasing number of people come to realize that … (4) Currently ther
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  議論文首尾段常用句式   1 、   常用與開頭的短語、句式   ( 1 ) with the ( rapidly ) growing popularity of  ( computers/private cars ) in China , the quality of our lives has been considerably changed 。   ( 2 ) With the ( rapid ) growth of  ( our economy/population ), many problems suchas ( water shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic management ) are beginng to surface ( 3 ) With the development of  ( science and technology/market economy ), more and more/an increasing number of people come to realize that …   ( 4 ) Currently there is a widespread/serious concern over (illegal publication/drugabuse/negative influence of western cultures). ( 5 )    Nowadays ,a heated debated/discussion about…is under way in C hina .some  people believe that …,whereas others argue that…   ( 6 ) There are some reasons for owning (private cars/ personal computers).To begin with,…Next,…Last,…There are,on the oher hand,many reasons againstit,First,…Second,…Finally,…   ( 7 ) There are many advantanges and disadvantages in(owning a car). ( 8 ) There are various /at least three ways/possible techniques/problems/methods todo something ( 9 ) Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for toereasons.The first reason is tha t …The second reason is that …/On the one hand ,…On the other hand,…   ( 10 ) The possible solutions of (the enery crisis/water shortanges/these social  problems)depend on three factors…   ( 11 ) The tow major reasons responsible for(the rapid economic growth /the widespread of fake products )are…  2 〃常用於結尾的短語、句式   ( 1 ) It is hoped that we should place much emphasis on/pay more attention to 。。。   ( 2 ) To conclude , we can see that ( the best way/the possible solution ) is 。。。( 3 ) In short ,( shortages of water , decrease of fertile fields and environmentalpollution ) are the major problems to be solved to ( increase rain production )。   ( 4 ) In order to make our world a better palce in which to live we should make greatefforts to 。。。    ( 5 ) In a word , there are three suggestions we must follow , only in this way canwe ( achieve a great success )。   ( 6 ) It is time for us to take an actie part in 。。。   ( 7 ) Let us work hand in hand in hand to ( solve these social problems )  3 〃陳述或論證觀點、看法( view , point , opinion )、原因( reason 、 cause )、方法、手段、措施、步驟。。。。。。( method , means , measures , step 。。。)、因素( factor )、利弊、優缺點( advantage , disadvantage )時常用的詞語、句式:   ( 1 )引述段落提出問題時常用的句式、詞語:   。。。。的原因有許多。 There are many reasons why 。。。   。。。。的原因如下; The reasons why 。。。 are as follows 我的看法是。。。。 My opinon is that ( 2 )展開段落論證時常用的句式、詞語:   ① 、第一層次(首先) First , Firstly , In the first place , First of all , To begin with , For one thing 。   我的第一理由是。。。 My first reason is that 。。。   主要因素是。。。。 The main factor is that 。。。   ② 第二層次(其次) Second , Secondly , In the Second plce , Next , Then , For another ,   另一種方法是。。。 Another means of  。。。 is to do 。。   第二種解決方法是。。。 the second solution is that 。。。   ③ 第三層次(第三點) Third , athirdly , besides , in adition , furthermore , what ismore important ( 3 )總結性段落常用句式、詞語:   最後一點  last , lastly , finally , in the last place , last of all , in short , in brief  簡言之 in a word , in summary , tosum up 總之, in conclusion , on the whole , altogether , in all 因此, so , thus , hence , therefor 。 Consequently , for thee reasons 結果, in consequence , as a result 由此可見。。。 it will be seen from it that 如上所述,我們可以得出結論。。。 as has been said above , we can conclude/makea conclusion/draw a conclusion/reach a conclusion come to aconclusion that 。。。   ( 4 )將事物的正反、好壞兩方面,或者將兩種不同事物進行比較,對比時常用  的句式、短語:   然而 while , whereas , but , however , nevertheless 儘管如此  in spite of that , despite all this 但在另一方面 but on the other hand 與。。。相比 in/by in comparison with 。。。  /as compare with 。。。   對比之下 by/in contrast 與。。。相反 as opposed to 。。。  /instead of  。。。   相反 on the contrary , instead 他們的區別如下 The differences sre as follows ; the differences can be described asfollowsA 與 B 之間的不同在於。。。。 the differences between A and B is /lies in/exestsin/consists in 。。。; A is different from B in 。。。  
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